Indigenous World 2019: Cameroon.
Cameroon% E2% 80% 99s% 20population% 20is% 20just% 20over% 2024% 20million.% 20Although% 20reliable% 20statistics% 20are% 20difficult% 20to% 20find,% 20a% 20number% 20of% 20communities% 20accounting% 20for% 20approximately% 2014 %% 20of% 20the% 20population% 20self-identify% 20as% 20indigenous.% 20These% 20indigenous% 20peoples% 20include% 20the% 20hunter / gatherers% 20 (Pygmies),% 20the% 20Mbororo% 20pastoralists% 20and% 20the% 20Kirdi.
The Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon uses the terms indigenous and minorities in its preamble; however, it is not clear to whom this refers. Nevertheless, with recent developments in international law, civil society and the government are increasingly adopting the term indigenous to refer to the above-mentioned groups.
Together,% 20the% 20Pygmies% 20represent% 20around% 200.4 %% 20of% 20the% 20total% 20population% 20of% 20Cameroon.% 20They% 20can% 20be% 20further% 20divided% 20into% 20three% 20sub-groups,% 20namely% 20the% 20Bagyeli% 20or% 20Bakola,% 20who% 20are% 20estimated% 20to% 20number% 20around% 204,000% 20people,% 20the% 20Baka% 20% E2% 80% 93% 20estimated% 20at% 20around% 2040,000% 20% E2% 80% 93% 20and% 20the% 20Bedzan,% 20estimated% 20at% 20around% 20300% 20people.% 20The% 20Baka% 20are% 20primarily% 20found% 20in% 20the% 20eastern% 20and% 20stimated% 20regions% 20of% 20Cameroon.% 20The % 20Bakola% 20and% 20Bagyeli% 20live% 20in% 20an% 20area% 20of% 20around% 2012,000% 20square% 20km% 20in% 20the% 20south% 20of% 20Cameroon,% 20particularly% 20in% 20the% 20districts% 20of% 20Akom% 20II,% 20Bipindi,% 20Kribi% 20and% 20Lolodorf.% 20Finally,% 20the% 20Bedzang% 20live% 20in% 20the% 20central% 20region,% 20to% 20the% 20northwest% 20of% 20Mbam% 20in% 20the% 20Ngamb% C3% A8 % 20Tikar% 20region.
The% 20Mbororo% 20people% 20living% 20in% 20Cameroon% 20are% 20estimated% 20to% 20number% 20over% 201% 20million% 20people% 20and% 20they% 20make% 20up% 20approx.% 2012 %% 20of% 20the% 20population.% 20The % 20Mbororo% 20live% 20primarily% 20along% 20the% 20borders% 20with% 20Nigeria,% 20Chad% 20and% 20the% 20Central% 20African% 20Republic.% 20Three% 20groups% 20of% 20Mbororo% 20are% 20found% 20in% 20Cameroon:% 20 20Wodaabe% 20in% 20the% 20Northern% 20Region;% 20the% 20Jafun,% 20who% 20live% 20primarily% 20in% 20the% 20NorthWest,% 20West,% 20Adamawa% 20and% 20Eastern% 20Regions;% 20and% 20the% 20Galelygi,% 20popular% 20known% 20as% 20the% 20Aku,% 20who% 20live% 20in% 20the% 20East,% 20Adamawa,% 20West% 20and% 20North-West% 20Regions.
The Kirdi communities live high up in the Mandara Mountain range, in the north of Cameroon. Their precise number is not known.
Cameroon voted in favor of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in 2007 but has not ratified ILO Convention 169.
No major legislative changes took place in 2018. All the laws that are under revision including those laws on the forest and fauna, land tenure and the pastoralist code – to which indigenous peoples and civil society organizations (CSOs) made important contributions – are still pending …
Programs and policies.
In 2018 indigenous peoples through their respective organizations participated in the activities of CISPAV (Comité de Suivi des Programs et Projets Impliquant les Populations Autochtones Vulnérables). 1 The objectives of CISPAV are:
The identification and centralization of the needs for the socio-economic inclusion of indigenous peoples of Cameroon; The identification and evaluation of the human, technical and financial resources available and required to put into action major development activities in favor of indigenous peoples; The coordination and supervision of all programs within the different sectorial administration bodies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and CSOs in favor of indigenous peoples; Make proposals on how to improve all the actions that can better serve indigenous peoples.
The Committee held its 5 th session in the form of a workshop on 7 August 2018 in Yaoundé as a prelude to the celebration of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, to take stock of what the government and its technical partners have done in form of actions towards indigenous peoples. Indigenous leaders from the forest and cette pastoralist communities attended. During the one-day workshop, the technical partners (Plan Cameroon, FEDEC, UN agencies, PNDP, WWF and the National Institute for Human Rights, etc.) gave their reports on their promotional and protection activities relating to indigenous peoples.
These organizations have worked mostly with the hunter gatherer communities in the South and East Regions, and their actions have centred on providing water, schools and birth certificates.
Indigenous peoples, REDD and climate change.
In June 2018 Cameroon validated the REDD National Strategy. The validation of the Strategy was preceded by a broad consultation with stakeholders from all five agro-ecological zones of the country.